Miswac – The African toothbrush
The branch of the tree toothbrush (bot. Salvadora persica), is used for cleaning the teeth. The miswak is thus a natural and traditional form of the toothbrush.
The toothbrush tree grows in the deserts of East Africa, Arabia and the Middle East and combines the characteristics of a toothbrush and toothpaste. It naturally contains protective dental and preening substances. No water or toothpaste is needed for cleaning teeth with miswak. The branch is to chew, until an end is so frayed that it resembles a brush. Then ensure that the teeth are brushed, the terminating pieces of wood are disgorged. These toothpicks are used to clean the teeth and massage the gums.
The miswak is used since ancient times for purification. The use of fibrous chewed sticks was already notified in the ancient Hindu Code of Manu (600 BC) and was mentioned in the famous collection of ancient Indian medical knowledge Sushruta recommended (about 400 AD). Even in the Islamic world Miswak plays a major role. It was used by Mohammed.
Are included in the Miswak: Fluorides with useful effect as a structural element of our Skeleton and teeth, silicon ? indispensable for the maintenance of connective tissue, cartilage, bone, hair, nails, teeth and calcium sulfate ? that is important in the development of bones and teeth (in addition to potassium and sodium plays calcium sulfate an important role in the transmission of impulses in nerve cells ). The gypsum crystals are used in the miswak as cleaning agents. They help to solve the adherent debris from the teeth. Other ingredients are tannins (tannins are responsible for the slightly bitter taste acts, calm accelerate the mucous membranes, healing process of injuries and inhibit inflammation), saponins, vitamin C, flavonoids (strengthens the immune system, prevent certain types of cancer, regulate blood pressure and inhibit inflammation ? they are also considered antioxidants) and chlorides.